Conventional loans are any mortgage that is not guaranteed or insured by the federal government. Although a conventional loan is not insured or guaranteed by the government, it still follows the guidelines of government sponsored enterprises, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
Home loans provided by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) may make it easier for you to buy a home. For an FHA loan a down payment of 3.5% is required. Borrowers who cannot afford a traditional down payment of 20% or are unable to receive approval for private mortgage insurance may consider an FHA loan.
If you’re a military veteran or still in active service, you may qualify for a U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) loan. These often require no down payment and have lower closing costs, which can help keep your savings secure.
A jumbo loan is a loan that exceeds the conforming loan limits as set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. As of 2020, the limit is $510,400 for most of the US, apart from Alaska, Hawaii, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, where the limit is $765,600. Rates may be a bit higher on jumbo loans because lenders generally have a higher risk. One of the biggest benefits is that financing options are available up to $3,000,000.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) gives borrowers the opportunity to own a home outside of the city limits. There are several benefits of a USDA loan, including flexible credit underwriting requirements and no down payment required.
An ARM is an Adjustable Rate Mortgage. Unlike fixed rate mortgages that have an interest rate that remains the same for the life of the loan, the interest rate on an ARM will change periodically. The initial interest rate of an ARM is lower then that of a fixed rate mortgage, consequently, an ARM maybe a good option to consider if you plan to own your home for only a few years; you expect an increase in future earnings; or, the prevailing interest rate for a fixed mortgage is to high.
A reverse mortgage pays off your existing mortgage, should you have one, by allowing you access to the home equity you’ve worked so hard to build. Any money left after paying off your existing mortgage is available to use as you see fit.
A reverse mortgage is a loan for seniors age 62 and older. HECM reverse mortgage loans are insured by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) and allow homeowners to convert their home equity into cash with no monthly mortgage payments.
An FHA 203K loan is a loan backed by the federal government and given to buyers who want to buy a damaged or older home and do repairs on it. Here’s how it works: Let’s say you want to buy a home that needs a brand-new bathroom and kitchen. An FHA 203K lender would then give you the money to buy (or refinance) the house plus the money to do the necessary renovations to the kitchen and bathroom.
Refinancing is the process of paying off your existing mortgage with a new mortgage. Typically, you refinance your mortgage to reduce your interest rate and monthly payment or change the length (or term) of your mortgage. You may also refinance to take cash out from your home’s equity.